The Sacred Cod is a carving of a codfishAtlantic cod
The Atlantic cod is a well-known seafood belonging to the family Gadidae. It grows to two metres in length….
that hangs in the chamber of the Massachusetts House of RepresentativesMassachusetts House of Representatives
The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the state legislature of the U.S….

It represents the importance of the fishingFishing
Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. By extension, the term fishing is also applied to hunting for other aquatic animals such as various types of shellfish as well as squid, octopus, turtles, Edible frog and some edible marine inverteb…
industry in the early history of the state. Cod are very abundant in the waters surrounding MassachusettsMassachusetts
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is a U.S. state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States United States….
, and in 1974 it was chosen as the official state fish.

The Sacred Cod sculpture measures five feet long and is carved out of pinePine
Pines are Pinophyta trees of the genus Pinus, in the family Pinaceae. There are about 115 species of pine, although different authors accept anything from 105 to 125 species….
. The Cod that currently hangs in the building is actually the third one to be carved. The first was destroyed in a fire in 1747, the second during the Revolutionary WarAmerican Revolutionary War
The American Revolutionary War , also known as the American War of Independence, was a war between Kingdom of Great Britain and revolutionaries within 13 colonies, who United States Declaration of Independence as the United States in 1776…
. The current cod was crafted around 1784 by an unknown artist.